There are three types of the phoebes species seen in North America; the Eastern Phoebe can be found throughout the eastern half of the continent, from the Northwest Territories and all the way into Mexico. The Say's Phoebe lives in the western regions of North America, from the northern corners of Alaska into Mexico. The Black Phoebe has the smallest area and is seen along the western coast as high up as Oregon and into Mexico.
Phoebes are a common sight around old structures where they can be found nesting on any available ledge of abandoned buildings or even around occupied dwellings, where they can build a nest and feel safe. Except for the Say's Phoebe, phoebes prefer to have water close by where they can feed on flies and bugs which is a key source of their daily food.