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There are three types of scoters found in North America. The smallest scoter is the Black Scoter. Then, there is the male Surf Scoter, who has the largest and most colourful bill when it is in its' breeding plumage and the White-winged Scoter who is the largest member of the family.
Scoters nest on fresh water lakes in the northern regions of Canada and Alaska. The White-winged Scoter nests in the most southern ranges. These mostly dark plumaged birds are easily identifed and are known for their oddly shaped, large and colourful bills. These water birds migrate to the coastlines of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans in the winter months and return to their northern lakes in the spring.