There are six types of Towhees, that are native to North America. Of these, the Eastern Towhee, once known as the Rufus-sided Towhee, lives in the eastern regions of the USA and the south-eastern regions of Canada. Of the remaining five species, the Spotted Towhee has the largest range, and then there is the Green-tailed Towhee. The California Towhee, Canyon Towhee and the Abert's Towhee all live along or near to the southern borders of the USA.
Towhees are shy ground feeding birds, spending their time hidden in the under growths and tangles of bushes. Their behavior is quite similar to sparrows, making every effort possible to remain hidden and avoiding open areas, whenever possible, to avoid being seen.