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There are at least thirteen types of terns including the native and vagrant species that have been seen in Cuba. These different types are closely matched with a portion seen over different areas of the island and the other half seen around the coastlines and out at sea. Almost all species of terns are black and white and in most cases are more white than black.
With their long pointed wings and long tail feathers, terns fly over water like swallows fly over land. With quick and agile maneuvering, these birds dart through the air, diving and capturing their prey by piercing them with their pointed bills. The terns are known for the great distances they travel during migration, especially the Arctic Tern which flies to the Antarctic every fall and returns to the Arctic every spring.