Birds of North America
Enter Bird's Name in Search Box:
....The American Birding Association.
....The American Bird Conservancy.
....Wing-shaped with curve on top rather than beneath.
....Refers to a certain group of hawks, including the Sharp-shinned and Cooper's Hawk, along with the Northern Goshawk.
....A nest built on the wall or side of a cliff by a raptor.
....Any of a system of cavities in a bird's body, which forms part of the respiratory system.
....A contrasting line running on the front edge of the mid-wing section to the bird's body.
....Occasional and erratic occurrence of white plumage, seen partial or complete in non-white plumage birds, caused by colouring deficiency in the feathers.
....See breeding plumage.
....Condition describing certain young birds when hatched, that have no feathers, eyes are closed and totally dependant on their parents.
....Downward curve of a bird's wing in flight. ie. Turkey Vulture.
....Feathers attached to the thumb or pollex, located mid-wing area.
....A modern egg's shell having a waterproof membrane.
....The American Ornithologists' Union.
....First fossilized bird known to exist.
....A tree dwelling bird.
....Bird species who feed on insects while flying.
....Ear coverts or ear patches.
....Pertaining to birds.
....Feathers located at the underside base of a bird's wing.
....Plumage attained by the prebasic molt.
....Rows of distinctly coloured feathers running across the bird's body.
....Are the rows of strands making up a feather.
....Refers to outer edges of a bill or the outer primaries.
....Is the upper and lower mandibles of a bird.
....Line of feathers hanging from a male turkey's breast.
....Coloured region seen below the chin of the bird.
....The science of the classification of birds into orders, families, genera, species, etc.
....Lightening of the plumage colours, caused by exposure to sunlight.
....Area of a bird located between the chin and the belly.
.....Usually the more colourful plumage seen on an individual adult bird during before and after nesting season, also known as alternate plumage.
....Offspring of birds and fowls.
....Species of birds who deposit their eggs in the nest of other birds, to be fed and raised by other families.
.....Group of closely related sandpipers, primarily, but not exclusively of the same genus Calidris.
....Or keel, is the projection of the breastbone.
....Small fleshly comb-like, seen on a turkey's forehead.
....Christmas Bird Count.
....Is a wax-like swelling about the base of the upper mandible containing the nostrils, found mostly in birds of prey, pigeons and parrots.
....Name given to fledglings of certain bird species.
....Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species.
....A species of birds, that is spread out over a large distance, to a point, where birds at one end will not associate with the others.
....Bird's aperture through which eggs, sperm, excrement all exit.
....Refers to all the eggs in a nest belonging to the female bird.
....Name given to male swan.
....Name given to certain male bird species.
....Describes birds of the same species who build multi-nests in colonies.
....Fleshly skin seen on birds crown, i.e. roosters.
....Distinct bird species that are related to one another by being in the same genus.
....Birds that are members of the same species.
....these feathers cover most of a bird, not including the flight feathers.
....More than two birds from the same species feeding young birds from one nest.
....Singing of one bird in direct response to another bird singing among the same bird species.
....Or "tectrices" are the smaller feathers covering the bird's wings.
....A gathering of hatchlings in a nesting colony, tended to by different adult birds.
....Birds that are active at twilight hours.
....Feathers located on the crown of a bird's head that are able to be raised to form a peak.
....See "Undertail coverts".
....An area where food is stored in the esophagus to be digested at a later time.
....Or cap, is the top area of a bird's head.
....Term used to describe a bird's plumage that is able to blend into the local surroundings or its habitat.
....This is the top ridge line of a bird's upper bill.
....Name for a young swan.
....Refers to the number of yearly cycles a bird will have to mature before developing into adult plumage.
....A method of certain waterfowl, using their bill along the surface of the water, screening for food.
....Particular feathers that determine the species of the birds.
....The normal occurrence of two different colourations in the same species due to neither sex or age.
....Describes a bill that is curved downward, i.e. whimbrels and curlews.
....Wings held in a V-shape profile, while the bird is flying.
....See "Subterminal band".
....Behavior shown by certain bird species by the parent birds to lure predators away from the nest or young.
....Birds that feed during daylight hours.
....are the key feathers which keeps the birds warm.
....Name given to some male species of birds.
....Laying of eggs in the nest of other birds, generally the same species.
....Area of feathers located behind the bird's eyes, that cover the ears.
....See "Non-breeding plumage"
....Describing particular birds that are only found in certain states, countries or islands.
....Contrasting white crescents seen above and below the eye of a bird.
....Is a distinct line seen around the bird's eye, that separates the eye from the face feathers.
....Not extinct, still in existence.
....Non-native or tropical birds to North America.
....Killed off or destroyed from a certain region, state or country.
....also known as winter plumage, fall plumage or basic plumage.
....Is a classification of one of the larger groups of birds having enough mutual resemblances to be classified together and away from other bird species.
....Is a sac enclosing the feces of nestling birds, which allows the parent birds to remove and keeping the nest clean.
....Visible signs on a certain bird, which will allow ease in identification.
....Visible sides of the bird seen below the wings.
....The act of a young bird leaving its nest.
....A young bird old enough to leave the nest, but still depends on its parents
....Groups of the larger feathers located on a bird's wing and tail, including the primaries, secondaries, tertials and rectrices.
....A group of any kind of birds....
....An extension running from the upper beak to the forehead.
....Particularly sensitive spots in the retina.
....Is the collarbone or clavicle, which is fused at their ends to form a V-shape.
....Name given to a male goose.
....Flock of geese or a sound given by a goose.
....The mouth lining or margin at the corner where the two mandibles intersect.
....A history of the descent of a family from an ancestor.
....Is a classification of one of a smaller group of birds having enough resemblance to be classified together as one bird species.
....Expansion of the gut commonly filled with gravel for crushing food.
....The point where the two lateral plates of the lower mandible meet near the tip and fuse into the gonys.
....The reddish spot around the gonydeal expansion on the lower mandible of a gull.
.... A ridge location on the bottom edge of the lower mandible of a gull.
....Area of iridescent feathers found about the throat and head of most male hummingbirds and some of the females.
....Name given to a young goose.
....bird excrement in the crystalline form of surplus nitrogen known as uric acid.
....A flock of birds, including different species, which share the same habitat.
....Or gular sac is located below the lower mandible, that allows some birds to hold their food.
....Is an environment which any certain species of birds will live in.
....Bird's hind toe.
....Action of catching insects on the wing.
....The process of producing young birds through incubation.
....Category of brood parasites who lay eggs in other bird nests occasionally.
....Name given to certain female species of birds.
....Where colonies of herons, egrets, and ibises nest as a group.
....A band seen above the nape and below the crown on the back of a bird's neck.
....Animals, including man, who need constant body temperature.
....Means corresponding to or very much similar in position, structure, value or function, sharing common ancestry.
....Area of feather covering the bone near the upper-wing or shoulder.
....Bone found in the wing of a bird.
....The offspring of parents of two different species.
....Important Bird Area.
....Bird not in adult plumage.
....Is the plumage seen on a bird, before it reaches its adult stage.
....Is the lying or resting on eggs, which generates heat, causing the eggs to hatch.
....The offspring from breeding of two sub-species.
-intraspecific brood parasite
....birds that lay their eggs in nest of same bird species to be raised by other families.
....When two different races, subspecies, varieties or breeds of same species are crossed, and an offspring is produced.
-interspecific brood parasite
....birds that lay their eggs in nest of other bird species to be raised by other families
....When two yet similar species mate, and offsprings are produced.
....where certain species of birds may be seen in one year but not in the next, unpredictable.
....Name given to a young male turkey.
....The plumage seen on a fledging.
....Immature or young birds not fully developed nor into breeding.
....Hardened protein forming feathers, beaks, claws and bills.
....Name given to congregations of migrating birds of prey seen soaring overhead.
....Strainer type teeth found in the bills of waterfowl for feeding purposes.
....Areas used by shrikes to store their prey.
....A determined area where multiple male birds put on courtship displays in order to attract female mates.
....Is a bird affected by leucism.
....Whiteness of feathers, but does not have red eyes, caused by reduced pigmentation in the bird's feathers by recessive allele.
....Number of wild birds seen by one individual birder.
....Area on a bird located between the bill and the eye.
....Area defined as cheek on a bird.
....Bird's lower bill, upper bill can be called this too.
....A term covering the back, shoulders, upperwing-coverts and secondaries, especially applied to gulls.
....Portion of a bird's wing that supports the primary feathers.
....Bird's upper bill.
....Refers to the central portion of a feather, especially the primaries.
....opposite to albinism, it is the occurrence of very dark or black coloured birds, who normally have light coloured plumages.
....A bird that has a surplus of dark feathers.
....A white spot or patch seen within the dark areas of the subterminal band on the tip of the primaries, i.e., gulls.
....A group of white spots seen in the primaries, usually in gulls.
....A continuous row of white tips seen throughout the primaries and secondaries.
....When a bird loses its feathers, to regrow new ones.
....Describes certain bird species who only have one sexual mate at one time.
....Recognized as one race of birds.
....Refers to a species of birds that have no sub-species known.
....Or phase (poorly used) is a colour variation found among the same species of a bird.
....A line of different coloured feathers from surrounding feathers, that resemble a moustache.
....Name given to a group of crows.
....An area located between the base of the back of the head and above the wings.
....The ecological role played by a bird species within an animal community.
....Describes birds which feed at night.
....Is a system of names.
....Refers to the term given a bird which has the same scientific genus name as the scientific species name.
....Or eclipse plumage is the more dab plumage seen on birds in the seasons outside their breeding periods.
....birds such as seabirds, waterfowl, birds of prey and doves.
....Distinct feather markings across the nape of the bird's neck.
-obligate brood parasites
....Category of brood parasites who lay eggs in other bird nests regularly.
....Describes a patch located on the back of the crown, i.e. redpolls.
....An area on the back of a bird's head, located between the nape and the crown.
....A ring of naked skin around the eye.
....An area of bare skin surrounding the bird's eye.
....Is a classification of a group of families, who have enough difference to separate them from all other groups.
....Professional, who studies birds.
....The study of birds.
....Name given to a young owl.
....Word given to the practice of searching for owls at night by birders.
....The relationship formed between a male and female bird for nesting purposes and maybe for life.
....Name given to a group of owls.
....Known formerly as Passeriformes, sometimes as passeriformes, name given to all perching birds.
....Is the adjective form of patagium.
....Feathers associated to the area of the wing joints.
....Bird bands attached to the propatagium area of the wing of soaring birds that are visible from the ground.
....Is the elastic fold of skin extending from the shoulder to the carpal join.
....Name given to a male peafowl.
....A general term used to describe shorebirds.
....Describe ocean going birds that are seldom seen from land.
....Name given to female swans.
....Applied to nest that is suspended between two forks of a limb, with nothing supporting from below.
....Where the claws on some deep water waders are furnished with comb-like teeth.
....Refers to birds migrating back to the same regions as they were born.
....The actual evolutionary history of any plant or animal species.
....Term describing two colours of feathers.
.....Refers to small and developing feathers emerging from the skin.
....Sound generated by forcing air through lips to attract birds.
....Or "thumb" is located on the bird's wing.
....Refer to certain bird species who pair up to more than one mate.
....Describes female birds that have more than one mate.
....Describe birds group which males and females have more than one mate.
....Pertains to some species of birds who have different colours of plumage and being in the same race.
.... Birds not closely related or share similarities with their most recent ancestors.
....Category given to a bird who has one molt per year.
....A distinctly coloured spot located behind the bird's eye.
....A distinctly coloured stripe located behind the bird's eye.
....Name given to young birds belonging to the game bird group.
....Refers to molt that occurs just after breeding season.
....Describes young birds hatched with eyes open, down-covered feathers, and have the ability to leave their nest in a couple to a few days.
...It is the act of spreading oil over the feather from the preen gland, which is located on the bird's lower back, near its tail.
....Category given to a bird who has a second molt in one year.
....The longest feather found on a bird's wing, located on the outer wing section.
....Refers to the projection of the primaries beyond the tertials seen from the side of a standing bird.
....Describes bird groups, who join together only for mating purposes and then leave one another after.
....Collection of a few fused bones making up of the tail of a bird.
....Describes the pear like shape of an egg.
...The stout, horny and cylindrical center of a feather.
....Used in the same context as sub-species.
....The bar running through a feather forming the quill.
....Bone found in the wing of a bird.
....Land images depicting the breeding area, migration routes and winter ground of individual bird species.
....Referring to a bird of prey.
....Flight or wing feather.
....Flight or wing feathers.
....A resting site used by a bird or birds.
....Area seen between the wings and the tail feathers.
....Area of feathers seen at the top of a bird's wing.
....Row of wing feathers located on the first section of a bird's wing.
....Birds which lays eggs in other bird nests, but also lays eggs in its own nest.
....Describes young birds hatched with eyes open, down-covered feathers, and do not have the ability to leave their nest.
....Describes birds of the same species who nest fairly close to one another and get along.
....Describes young birds hatched with eyes open, down-covered feathers, and do the ability to leave their nest, but choose not to.
....Refers to when the male and the female of the same species have completely different looks.
....V flying formation seen in ducks and geese.
....Flight pattern put on by male birds, where the bird flies high into the sky, fluttering to the ground, while singing and calling.
....Skin seen hanging from above a male turkey's beak.
....description of a spoon-shaped bill.
....Particular or individual name of bird.
....Large eye ring connected to the lores, displaying a look of eye wear.
....Row of visible colourful feathers seen on the wings of ducks.
....Using the lips to create sounds, which attract birds into seeing view.
....Artificial sound made by birders, to attract birds or to have them expose themselves.
....Birds deeply keeled breast bone, forming a structure to which the wing muscles are attahed.
....Descending of a bird onto its prey.
....Rows of distinguishing feathers seen on a bird's breast and flanks.
....Distinguishing feather that runs the length of a bird's body.
....Or races, identifies different birds belonging to the same species, but show noticeable differences among themselves.
....A distinct ban seen at the end of the tail feathers.
....Or mirrors are spots seen on the out tip of the primary feathers, seen mostly on gulls.
....Feathers outlining the face of a bird.
....or supercilliary stripe, is an apparent line over the bird's eye, like an eyebrow-line.
....Refers to races of birds where each has its own geographical location.
....The area seen above the lore.
....Refers to the occurrences of species together in the same area.
....Elongated claws of a bird of prey.
....The long foot bones that lead into the bird's toes.
....The metatarsal bones of the foot fused together into a single bone.
....Plural form for Taxon.
....Refers to a general taxonomic category.
....Or systematics is the science of classification of organisms of orders, families, genera, species...etc.
....Or "tertiary" are flight feathers located at the base of a bird's wing.
....Is a region determined by breeding pairs and defended from other intruders.
....Birds upper leg bone.
....Name given to a male turkey.
....All toes are joined by webs.
....Describes a bird seen in an area located between its breeding and non-breeding zones.
....Vocal organ valve that produces the bird's sound.
-type E botulism
....A disease that targets waterbirds who feed on fish.
....Small feathers that cover the base of the undertail of the bird.
....Small feathers that cover the base of the underwing of the bird.
....Small feather that cover the base of the upper side of the tail feather and rump.
....A bird seen outside its breeding zones or its natural habitat.
....Area of a bird located between the belly and the base of the underside of the tail feathers.
....Description of fine waving lines seen in a bird's plumage.
....Small spur-like toe, seen above the feet and back of the leg of waterfowl.
.... A peculiar purplish pink shown or suggested in the coloration of some birds.
....Fleshy skin that hangs from the lower bill, ie turkeys, chickens.
....A row of distinct marks distinguished on the flight feathers of a bird's wing.
....Feathers covering the base of the flight feathers on a bird's wing.
....Refers to the projection of the primaries beyond the tail feathers, seen from the side of a standing bird.
....Refers to the tips of the primaries, seen from the side of a standing bird.
....Bird groups have two toes forward with two toes backward.
Return Bird Terminology back to Birds of North America
Classic Collection of North American Birds