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Birds of North America, Vagrant Visitors, Introduced Birds and Possibilities

Altamira Oriole

Oriole à gros bec

Icterus gularis

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Species; The Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis), is the largest member of the oriole family seen in North America. Found in southeastern Texas along the Rio Grande, this oriole is a regular visitor to bird feeders as it is attracted to oranges and other types of fruit.

Distinctions; This mostly dark orange bird, is identified by its orange head and body, a black mask around its eyes and bill which extends down into a black bib. Male and female birds have the same plumage, whereas the juvenile will show more of an olive green on its back and tail rather than black. The adults have black wings and tail feathers with yellow scapulars and white wing bars.

Voice; Slow clear whistles.

Nesting: Three to four pale blue eggs per brood. Orioles build their nest high in the crown of trees and sometimes on a utility wire. These nests are in the shape of hanging baskets, attached to a limb with long basketlike handles. The nests are built from plant fibre, bark from branches, grasses, strings and any other such materials that can be manipulated.

Birds of North America
B L W W W Family Latin Name
10" 25.5cm 14" 35.6cm 2oz 56.7g Icteridae Icterus gularis

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter
Altamira Oriole

Distribution: The Altamira Oriole was first reportedly seen in Texas in the 1930's. It is a common bird seen throughout Mexico and Central America, considered threatened in the USA. This bird species is non-migratory, where it is suspected that the male and female, being monogamous, are partners for life.

References to Other Bird Sites:

Avibase - the world bird database

ABA - American Birding Association

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society

ABC - American Bird Conservancy

eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology

NA - National Geographic

NAC - National Audubon Society

Classic Collection of North American Birds