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Birds of North America, Vagrant Visitors, Introduced Birds and Possibilities

Bachman's Warbler

Paruline de Bachman

Vermivora bachmanii

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Bachman's Warbler

Species: The Bachman's Warbler (Vermivora bachmanii) is probably extinct, with no sightings in North America since 1962 and the last confirmed sighting was in Cuba in the mid-1980s. It was first discovered by the reverend John Bachman in the early 1830s. This bird species was reported as a rather common warbler in the 1800s but became rare and endangered by the 1900s. The Bachman's Warbler was found in the swampy areas of the southeastern states, where it is thought to have made its nest in canebrakes, a form of bamboo thicket. Its demise has been speculated as to the loss of habitat, through logging and the forming of settlements

Distinctions: The male has a black bib, yellow breast, chin and face, dark cap with a bluish gray crown and an olive-green back. The female is somewhat similar without the dark bib or black cap. Both sexes have thin curved bills and show a large area of white in their undertails.

Voice: Nasal or buzzy tone notes, similar to the Blue and Golden-winged Warblers.

Nesting: Three to five white eggs. Suspended from a fork in branches of undergrowth or canebrakes. The nest is composed of fine grass, leaves and Spanish moss.

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter
Birds of North America

Images of a female and male Bachman's Warbler, courtesy of the Royal Ontario Museum, ROM, located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

B L W W W Family Latin Name
4.5" 10.7cm 7.5" 18.3cm 0.35oz 9.9g Parulidae Vermivora bachmanii

Distribution: The Bachman's Warbler was found in swamps and bottomlands of the southeastern states. It was never known to be an abundant bird. Unfortunately, these birds were shot and killed by collectors as they migrated through their known Florida corridors. Was seen in North Carolina, west to Missouri, south to Louisiana, east to Georgia. Migrated through Key West in the state of Florida to Cuba and the Isles of Pines during its migration periods.

References to Other Bird Sites:

Avibase - the world bird database

ABA - American Birding Association

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society

ABC - American Bird Conservancy

eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology

NA - National Geographic

NAC - National Audubon Society

Classic Collection of North American Birds