Contact | Birds of North America Home Page

Canada Warbler

Paruline du Canada

Cardellina canadensis

Information, images and range maps on over 1,000 birds of North America, including sub-species, vagrants, introduced birds and possibilities

Enter Bird's Name in Search Box:

Canada Warbler

Species: The Canada Warbler (Dendroica castanea) can be found right across Canada and through all the eastern states down to Georgia. It has a colour of yellow, that is unique to all other birds in North America, seeing it, one might remind oneself of a lemon. Prefers mature forest with a heavy under growth, more likely to be seen on slopes of hills near creeks or other sources of water. Is similar to other ground warblers, such as the Kirtland's Warbler, Hooded Warbler and the Kentucky Warbler.

Distinctions: The male has a dark blue cap, cheeks and wings. A grayish-blue nape and back, bold yellow eyes rings and lores. Throat, breast and flanks are lemon coloured yellow, white under the tail. The feature that stands out most is a band of dark streaks forming a large necklace around its neck. The female and juvenile have a similar appearance, except in a duller look. Has only light coloured streaking around their necks.

Voice: Chipping call, songs sound like "Chip, chupety swee-ditchety", repeated often.

Nesting: Three to five white to creamy coloured eggs with brown markings. Prefers to build it nest low to or on the ground on the slope of a hill, usually around roots of a tree. The nest is composed of leaves, dried ferns, mosses, and lines with fine grasses and hair.

Birds of North America

Seen in Manitoba, thanks to Christian Artuso

Life, Habitat & Pictures of the Canada Warbler

B L W W W Family Latin Name
5.25" 13.3cm 8" 20.3cm 0.35oz 9.9g Parulidae Cardellina canadensis

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter

Distribution: Found from the western tip of Newfoundland, through the lower half of Quebec, north to James Bay, and across all the western provinces, north to the North West Territories southern boundaries, touching the Yukon and British Columbia. Around the Great Lakes, south to Georgia, north-east to New Jersey, north along the Atlantic coast. Spends its winters in South America.

References to Other Bird Sites:

These are links to websites pertaining to the different birding institutions, societies and organizations here in North America. Some of these same sites are a great asset to seeking out knowledge on birds in other regions of the world. Each of these links offer the user different methods to identify birds, whether it be by regions, habitat, appearance or maybe colour. Knowledge on the possibilities of where and what birds might be present are included.

Avibase - the world bird database This site provides the user with a complete list of bird species, broken down per country, or in the example of the US or Canada, per state and province. Here, bird species names are available in other languages, a great asset to be used as a translation of foreign bird names.

ABA - American Birding Association This site represents an organization that maintains official records of all birds species that have been proven to have been seen inside the perimeters of the North American Continent and the surrounding bodies of water. Regular revised versions are posted to keep the bird list current at all times. This is the list used by all serious birders over their lifetime. You may be aware of the movie called the "Big Year". It was with this list that all the competing birders used in an attempt to set a new record as to how many bird species that could be seen by an individual birder in one calendar year.

The description to follow is taken from the AOS Home Page.

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society is an international society devoted to advancing the scientific understanding of birds, enriching ornithology as a profession, and promoting a rigorous scientific basis for the conservation of birds. As one of the world's oldest and largest ornithological societies, AOS produces scientific publications of the highest quality, hosts intellectually engaging and professionally vital meetings, serves ornithologists at every career stage, pursues a global perspective, and informs public policy on all issues important to ornithology and ornithological collections. AOS is distinguished by its tremendous collective expertise, including eminent scientists, conservation practitioners, early career innovators, and students.

eBird - TheCornellLab of OrnithologyeBird is a must for any individual, who has an interest in birds. This site allows users to sign up and participate in recording birds seen on a daily basis as well as the location, for any bird species seen in the world. In addition, users can use the existing data to search out the location of bird species throughout the year. By using filters, information as to the movements can be determined. Photos can be added to identify individual birds. Migration pattern can be calculated using information by months or years as needed. Range maps can be verified, allowing the users to see where the presence of individual bird species are expected to be at certain times of the year.

NA - National Geographic The Society of National Geographic provides some of the best books available for those who have an interest in birds. The book called "The Complete Birds of North America", is a book recommended to be part of any birders library. This book covers all the native and vagrant species of birds seen on the North American Continent. It provides information on all the birds listed on the ABA bird list. This book goes into great details, describing the individual species and their races. That aside, their website provides wonderful information pertaining to many articles regarding nature.

I hope you will take advantage of these suggested websites. I have used each of them, in one way or another, throughout the years in my quest to better identify and understand our fine feathered friends.

Classic Collection of North American Birds