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Species: The Cape May Warbler (Dendroica castanea), especially the male, has some of the most contrasting and beautiful colours of all warblers seen in North America. Its breeding range is almost entirely in Canada, with some exposure south of the Great Lakes and along the northern boundaries of the north-eastern states. The Cape May Warbler is known for defending its territory rigorously against all other bird species. Its main diet is the spruce budworm, when this warbler is in the north. But, interesting enough, it changes it diet to nectar and fruits when it is on its winter grounds. The juveniles, because of their visible yellow rump might be confused for the immature Yellow-rumped Warblers.
Distinctions: The male has contrasting green coloured stripes of crown, more so on back, rump and tail. Dark green wings with a large white wing patch. Yellow supercilium, chin and on the side of the neck. Dark eye line, with large reddish-orange cheeks. Yellow breast with multiple bold dark streaks, white undertail coverts. The female and juveniles have a similar appearance, without the reddish orange cheeks and with duller colours overall.
Voice: Chipping call, songs sound like "seet-seet-seet-seet", repeated often.
Nesting: Three to eight creamy coloured eggs with brown markings, number of young depends on the budworm infestation. Builds nest high in spruce trees. The nest is composed of leaves, twigs, mosses, and lined with fine grasses.
|B L||W W||W||Family||Latin Name|
|5" 12.7cm||8.25" 21cm||0.4oz 11.3g||Parulidae||Setophaga tigrina|
Distribution: Found from the western tip of Newfoundland, through the lower half of Quebec, north to James Bay, and across all the western provinces, north into the North West Territories, touching the Yukon and British Columbia. Around some of the Great Lakes, most north-eastern states northern boundaries, and all of New Brunswick and most of Nova Scotia. Spends it winters on the Caribbean islands and in South America.
These are links to websites pertaining to the different birding institutions, societies and organizations here in North America. Some of these same sites are a great asset to seeking out knowledge on birds in other regions of the world. Each of these links offer the user different methods to identify birds, whether it be by regions, habitat, appearance or maybe colour. Knowledge on the possibilities of where and what birds might be present are included.
Avibase - the world bird database This site provides the user with a complete list of bird species, broken down per country, or in the example of the US or Canada, per state and province. Here, bird species names are available in other languages, a great asset to be used as a translation of foreign bird names.
ABA - American Birding Association This site represents an organization that maintains official records of all birds species that have been proven to have been seen inside the perimeters of the North American Continent and the surrounding bodies of water. Regular revised versions are posted to keep the bird list current at all times. This is the list used by all serious birders over their lifetime. You may be aware of the movie called the "Big Year". It was with this list that all the competing birders used in an attempt to set a new record as to how many bird species that could be seen by an individual birder in one calendar year.
The description to follow is taken from the AOS Home Page.
AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society is an international society devoted to advancing the scientific understanding of birds, enriching ornithology as a profession, and promoting a rigorous scientific basis for the conservation of birds. As one of the world's oldest and largest ornithological societies, AOS produces scientific publications of the highest quality, hosts intellectually engaging and professionally vital meetings, serves ornithologists at every career stage, pursues a global perspective, and informs public policy on all issues important to ornithology and ornithological collections. AOS is distinguished by its tremendous collective expertise, including eminent scientists, conservation practitioners, early career innovators, and students.
eBird - TheCornellLab of OrnithologyeBird is a must for any individual, who has an interest in birds. This site allows users to sign up and participate in recording birds seen on a daily basis as well as the location, for any bird species seen in the world. In addition, users can use the existing data to search out the location of bird species throughout the year. By using filters, information as to the movements can be determined. Photos can be added to identify individual birds. Migration pattern can be calculated using information by months or years as needed. Range maps can be verified, allowing the users to see where the presence of individual bird species are expected to be at certain times of the year.
NA - National Geographic The Society of National Geographic provides some of the best books available for those who have an interest in birds. The book called "The Complete Birds of North America", is a book recommended to be part of any birders library. This book covers all the native and vagrant species of birds seen on the North American Continent. It provides information on all the birds listed on the ABA bird list. This book goes into great details, describing the individual species and their races. That aside, their website provides wonderful information pertaining to many articles regarding nature.
I hope you will take advantage of these suggested websites. I have used each of them, in one way or another, throughout the years in my quest to better identify
and understand our fine feathered friends.