Birds of North America Home Page

Field Guide for all the Birds of North America

Hermit Warbler

Paruline à tête jaune

Setophaga occidentalis

Information, images and range maps on over 1,000 birds of North America, including sub-species, vagrants, introduced birds and possibilities


Species: The Hermit Warbler (Setophaga occidentalis) prefers coniferous-type forests. As it is a bird that feeds high up in mature trees, it is not easily observed. It feeds solely on insects which it gleans from branches or even hawks them on the wing. Occasionally, it hybridizes with the Townsend's Warbler, which shares the Hermit Warbler's northern range. The hybrid offspring resembles the Hermit Warbler more than the Townsend's Warbler, but it shows green on its back and yellow on its breast. It is not endangered and fairly common in its range.

Distinctions: The male has a bright yellow face, small black crown, nape and throat. Black and gray wings and tail, two white wingbars, light gray mottled streaking on a light gray breast and undertail coverts. The female is similar to the male but duller in appearance and juveniles might show more green than black and gray on the back.

Voice: Single call note tzip, song sound like "weezy, weezy..., repeated over.

Nesting: Three to five creamy white coloured eggs, with brown markings. The nest is built high in mature conifers. Nest is composed of strips of bark, rootlets, leaves and lined with fine grasses and hairs.

Birds of North America
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  • Birds of North America
  • Birds of North America
  • Birds of North America
  • Birds of North America
  • Birds of North America

Life, Habitat & Pictures of North American Warblers

B L W W W Family Latin Name
5" 12.7cm 8" 20.3cm 0.35 oz 9.9g Parulidae Setophaga occidentalis

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter
range map

Distribution: Prefers mature pine in mountainous landscape and it is seen from the state of Washington, south along the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, through Oregon, reaching into central California and touching on Nevada's western border. Migrates into Mexico and Central America during the winter months.

References to Other Bird Sites:

These are links to websites pertaining to the different birding institutions, societies and organizations here in North America. Some of these same sites are a great asset to seeking out knowledge on birds in other regions of the world. Each of these links offer the user different methods to identify birds, whether it be by regions, habitat, appearance or maybe colour. Knowledge on the possibilities of where and what birds might be present are included.

Hinterland Who's Who Welcome to the Web site for Hinterland Who's Who It all started in 1963, with black-and-white vignettes about the loon, the moose, the gannet and the beaver. For more than 50 years, Hinterland Who’s Who has proudly been bringing Canada’s iconic wildlife directly into Canadians’ homes. Re-launched in 2003, the new series serves to rebuild the connection thousands of viewers made with wildlife through the original series. Welcome to our new website! Have a look around, and learn how you can help ensure that the wildlife remains part of what it means to be Canadian.

Avibase - the world bird database This site provides the user with a complete list of bird species, broken down per country, or in the example of the US or Canada, per state and province. Here, bird species names are available in other languages, a great asset to be used as a translation of foreign bird names.

ABA - American Birding Association This site represents an organization that maintains official records of all birds species that have been proven to have been seen inside the perimeters of the North American Continent and the surrounding bodies of water. Regular revised versions are posted to keep the bird list current at all times. This is the list used by all serious birders over their lifetime. You may be aware of the movie called the "Big Year". It was with this list that all the competing birders used in an attempt to set a new record as to how many bird species that could be seen by an individual birder in one calendar year.

The description to follow is taken from the AOS Home Page.

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society is an international society devoted to advancing the scientific understanding of birds, enriching ornithology as a profession, and promoting a rigorous scientific basis for the conservation of birds. As one of the world's oldest and largest ornithological societies, AOS produces scientific publications of the highest quality, hosts intellectually engaging and professionally vital meetings, serves ornithologists at every career stage, pursues a global perspective, and informs public policy on all issues important to ornithology and ornithological collections. AOS is distinguished by its tremendous collective expertise, including eminent scientists, conservation practitioners, early career innovators, and students.

I hope you will take advantage of these suggested websites. I have used each of them, in one way or another, throughout the years in my quest to better identify and understand our fine feathered friends.

Classic Collection of North American Birds