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Hermit Warbler

Paruline à tête jaune

Setophaga occidentalis

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 Hermit Warbler

Species: The Hermit Warbler (Setophaga occidentalis) prefers coniferous type forest. It is not easily observed being a bird which feeds high up in mature tree. Feeds solely on insects, gleans the insects from the branches or even hawks them on the wings. Occasionally, hybridizes with the Townsend's Warbler which shares the Hermit Warbler's northern range. The hybrid offsprings resembles the Hermit Warbler more than the Townsend's Warbler, but showing green on its back and yellow on its breast. Is not endangered, fairly common in its range.

Distinctions: The male has a bright yellow face, small black crown, nape and throat. Black and gray wings and tail, two white wing bars, light gray mottled streaking on a light gray breast and undertail coverts. The female is similar to the male, but duller in appearance, juveniles might show more green than black and gray on back.

Voice: Single call note tzip, song sound like "weezy, weezy..., repeated over.

Nesting: Three to five creamy white coloured eggs, with brown markings. The nest is built high in mature conifers. Nest is composed of strips of bark, rootlets, leaves, and lined with fine grasses and hairs.

Birds of North America

Life, Habitat & Pictures of the Hermit Warbler

B L W W W Family Latin Name
5" 12.7cm 8" 20.3cm 0.35 oz 9.9g Parulidae Setophaga occidentalis

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter

Distribution: Prefers mature pine in mountainous landscape, it is seen from the State of Washington south along the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, through Oregon, reaching into central California, touching on Nevada western border. Migrates into Mexico and Central America during the winter months.

References to Other Bird Sites:

Avibase - the world bird database

ABA - American Birding Association

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society

ABC - American Bird Conservancy

eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology

NA - National Geographic

NAC - National Audubon Society

Classic Collection of North American Birds