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Birds of North America, Vagrant Visitors, Introduced Birds and Possibilities

Hutton's Vireo

Viréo de Hutton

Vireo huttoni

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Species: The Hutton's Vireo (Vireo huttoni) is the smallest member of the vireo family seen in North America. Often confused for the Ruby-crowned Kinglet because of its body size, profile and green plumage. Recognizing the larger bill on the vireo separates the two. Prefers mixed conifers and oaks for its' habitat. The vireo's main diet is insects and it does not migrate in the winter months.

Distinctions: The male and female are very similar looking in appearance, the female may have duller plumage. Has large bill with a visible hook at end of upper bill, same identifying features seen in other vireos. Greenish to gray head and back, which depends on what race it is. Grayish-white throat and breast. Slight eye ring, broken, dull lores, dusky flanks, two wings bars.

Voice: Nasal sounding, similar sounds to other vireo types, usually found singing as it searches for insects.

Nesting: Three to five white eggs, speckled with brown or black spots. Suspended from a fork in branches of scrub oak or in underbrush. The nest is composed of strips of wood bark, plant fibres and lined with fine grasses and spiderwebs.

Birds of North America
B L W W W Family Latin Name
5" 12.7cm 8" 20.3cm 0.4 oz 11.3g Vireonidae Vireo huttoni

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter

Distribution: Found along the Pacific coast of the US and Canada. It is found on Vancouver Island, located through all the southern coastal states into California. Can be found in southern Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Mexico. The Hutton's Vireo does not migrate.

References to Other Bird Sites:

Avibase - the world bird database

ABA - American Birding Association

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society

ABC - American Bird Conservancy

eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology

NA - National Geographic

NAC - National Audubon Society

Classic Collection of North American Birds