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Birds of North America, Vagrant Visitors, Introduced Birds and Possibilities

Pine Grosbeak

Durbec des sapins

Pinicola enucleator

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Species: The Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) is the largest member of the grosbeak family in North America. Being circumpolar, this grosbeak can be seen throughout Eurasia's northern range. They are tame and trusting in nature, and are very easy to approach. Conifer forests is the main stay of their habitat, where these large finch type birds, feed on the fruit and berries from the trees, including cone seeds.

Distinctions: The male has a reddish wine coloured body, including head, back and breast, with dark wings with two white wing bars, and a black tail. The female is mostly grey in nature, yellowish crown and nape, dark wings, with two wing bars, and a dark tail also. The juvenile is similar to the female, but with duller colours.

Voice: Whistle type lyrics, combined by using four or five notes. Common to be seen singing from the top of a conifer tree.

Nesting: Three to five pale bluish-green coloured eggs, one brood per year. The nest in built in a tree, not too high from the ground. Made up of forest materials, such has twigs, needles and leaves.

Birds of North America
B L W W W Family Latin Name
9" 23cm 14.5" 36.8cm 2oz 56.7g Fringillidae Pinicola enucleator

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter

Distribution: Prefers a cooler climate, which includes mountainous terrains. In the winter months, it may move into deciduous growths, in search of seeds and buds. Seen from Newfoundland and Labrador through the all the provinces, especially the provinces northern regions, Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, and Alaska. Also, can be seen in the Rocky Mountain range, and other isolated pockets in the North-western USA States.

References to Other Bird Sites:

Avibase - the world bird database

ABA - American Birding Association

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society

ABC - American Bird Conservancy

eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology

NA - National Geographic

NAC - National Audubon Society

Classic Collection of North American Birds