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Birds of North America, Vagrant Visitors, Introduced Birds and Possibilities

Red-eyed Vireo

Viréo aux yeux rouges

Vireo olivaceus

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Species: The Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus) is the most common and has the widest range among vireos species seen in North America. Known for its constant singing when on its breeding territory, throughout the summer. This is one of the larger vireo species seen on the continent, usually seen in the crown of deciduous trees, moving about gleaning insects from the leaves and branches. Will feed on seeds and fruits in the winter months.

Distinctions: The male and female are similar looking in appearance. Has large bill with visible hook at end. Recognized by its bluish gray crown, black line at base of crown, white eyebrows, dull yellowish cheeks and nape, dull yellow showing along flanks and undertail, adults have white breast, juveniles may have larger areas of yellow along their flanks. Backs are green and no wing bars are visible. Red eyes are easier seen at close range and in good light.

Voice: Deliberate call notes, repeated over and over throughout the day, consists of an array of musical notes similar to the robin.

Nesting: Three to five white eggs, speckled with brown or black spots. Suspended from a crotch on a branch high up in a mature tree. The nest is composed of strips of wood bark, plant fibres and other fine materials.

Birds of North America

Life, Habitat & Pictures of the Red-eyed Vireo

B L W W W Family Latin Name
6" 15.2cm 10" 25.4cm 0.6oz 17g Vireonidae Vireo olivaceus

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter

Distribution: Found throughout North America, from western side of Newfoundland to as far north as James Bay, bordering Ontario and Quebec. Parts of the western Northwest Territories to the western coast of British Columbia, south into Oregon, through the northern regions of the midwestern states, down into Texas, over into Florida and up into Canada.

References to Other Bird Sites:

Avibase - the world bird database

ABA - American Birding Association

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society

ABC - American Bird Conservancy

eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology

NA - National Geographic

NAC - National Audubon Society

Classic Collection of North American Birds