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Birds of North America, Vagrant Visitors, Introduced Birds and Possibilities

Hepatic Tanager

Piranga orangé

Piranga flava

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Species: The Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava) lives in the coniferous and coniferous mixed deciduous forests, found in the mid to higher elevation ranges of the mountains. In North America it can be seen along the Western States, bordering Mexico and the USA. Typically, it is an insect eater during the summer months, with a fondness for bees, hornets and wasp. But, it is not unusual to see these birds feeding on fruit, gathering around birdfeeders in the winter months.

Distinctions: Sexually dimorphic , the male has a dark red body, dark bill, grey to purplish grey auriculars and back, black edges showing on its wings and tail. The female has a grey back, yellow throat and breast, with grey flanks. The juvenile is similar in appearance to the female.

Voice: Not a bird which sing mellow lyrics, but is recognized by its signal call notes.

Nesting: Three to five bluish-green eggs, with brown markings. Nest built on a limb, positioned away from the trunk, constructed with small branches, twigs and other forest materials.

Birds of North America
B L W W W Family Latin Name
8" 20.3cm 12.5" 31.7cm 1.3 oz 36.8g Cardinalidae Piranga flava
  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter

Distribution: Seen in mountainous areas, prefers coniferous type forest, or conifers mixed with oaks. Found from Western Texas, west into New Mexico, touching Southern Colorado, across the lower half of Arizona and Eastern California. Portions of the population lives year around in Northern Mexico.

References to Other Bird Sites:

Avibase - the world bird database

ABA - American Birding Association

AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society

ABC - American Bird Conservancy

eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology

NA - National Geographic

NAC - National Audubon Society

Classic Collection of North American Birds