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There are three types of puffins found in North America. The Atlantic Puffin is the smallest and lives on the eastern shores along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The Horned Puffin and the Tufted Puffin live along the western coast of the Pacific Ocean.
Puffins are recognized by their mostly black and white plumage and large multi-coloured bills. They raise their young in cavities, which they make by digging into the side of banks, usually on islands where there is more protection from land-based predators. These stocky looking birds, with wings that appear to be too small, live next to the water where they are able to dive into the water after a short flight. Small minnows are their main diet and they will sometimes hold the minnows in neat rows on both sides of their bills.