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Acorn Woodpecker

Pic glandivore

Birds of North America

Melanerpes formicivorus




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The Acorn Woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus) are see in the South-western areas of North America. These birds are found in colonies, where there are multiple males and females. Adults assist one another in the rearing of the young. When the acorns are ready, the woodpeckers peck thousands on acorn size holes into the bark of a trees. Where they store the acorns, by placing each mature acorn in a different hole, having created a food supply for the winter months. With this, they must protect the acorns from other animals and birds who also eat them.

Distinctions: The male and female have mostly a black and white body. The male with a solid red crown, is distinguished from the female, who has only a red cap, with a black forehead. Large white wing patches becomes visible, when birds are seen flying. Both sexes have white eyes, with dark pupils. The juveniles also have a complete red crown, but a duller plumage and dark eyes.

Voice: Very loud and noisy, usually made by more than one birds. Like most woodpecker, they do communicate to one another, by drumming on dry twigs or hollow limbs of trees.

Nesting: Four to five white eggs, one, maybe two broods per year. Nest is located in a cavity of a tree, in which the both parent pecked out.

Birds of North America
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B L W W W Family Latin Name
9" 22.9cm 17.5" 44.5cm 2.8 oz 79.4g Picidae Melanerpes formicivorus

  • Summer
  • Year Around
  • Winter
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Distribution: Found in mixed oak forests or oak/coniferous forests. Seen mostly west of the Rocky Mountains, from the State of Washington, south to Southern California and across the Sierra Mountains. Found also in Arizona, through New Mexico and into Western Texas, there are small populations in Nevada and Colorado.


Classic Collection of North American Birds

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