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There are many sub-species of the Dark-eyed Junco at this time. This very common junco is seen all over North America, separated by sub-species. The Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored) is the most common among the group. Which is seen over most of the continent at some time during the year. The Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon) is most likely the 2nd most common, usually seen west of the Rocky Montains, showing up in the eastern regions during the winter months. The Dark-eyed Junco (Pink-sided) is found from the souhern borders of Alberta into the neighbouring northern US states. Then there is the Dark-eyed Junco (White-winged) found in the Dakota states. The Dark-eyed Junco (Red-backed) is found in the smallest area of North America, only recently identified, along the eastern borders of Arizona and the western borders of New Mexico. The Dark-eyed Junco (Gray-headed) is seen in the south-eastern regions of the continent. The Dark-eyed Junco (Cassiar) is thought to be a hybrid of the Dark-eyed (Slate-colored) and the Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon), and not a sub-species or race. It is being reported in the north-western areas of the Rockies during the breeding seasons and throughout a much larger area of North America in the winter months.
The Dark-eyed Junco is a member of the sparrow family. This grey coloured forest dwelling bird is regularly seen around backyard birdfeeders for a few weeks during the spring and fall migartion periods. Although, it is usually a ground feeder, it is not uncommon to see them singing from trees.