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There are three types of nighthawks seen in North America; the Common Nighthawk, Lesser Nighthawk and the Antillean Nighthawk. The Common Nighthawk is the most common among this group and is seen throughout North America. The Lesser Nighthawk is found in the southwestern states and its plumage is more brownish in colour than that of the Common Nighthawk. The Antillean Nighthawk covers the smallest range and is only seen in the Florida Keys and is much more common in the Caribbean islands.
Nighthawks are insect eaters and are usually seen in the evening and early morning skies when the insects are more active. With their long wings, these birds put on an aerobatic display like no other bird can. At one time these birds were far more common in towns and cities but this has changed over the last thirty years or so for various reasons.