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There are at least five different groups in the nightjar family seen in North America including the whip-poor-wills, Common Poorwill, Common Pauraque, Chuck-will's-widow, Buff-collared Nighjar and the nighthawks. The 9 bird species in this group are the Eastern Whip-poor-will, Mexican Whip-poor-will, Common Poorwill, Common Pauraque, Chuck-will's-widow, Buff-collared Nightjar, Common Nighthawk and the Lesser Nighthawk.
Nightjars can be identified by their calls which are different from one another. These calls usually start just before darkness and carry on into the night. All nightjars are insect eating birds and they catch most bugs on the fly.