There are are four types of sapsuckers in North America. Sapsuckers are part of the woodpecker family. These birds feed on sap and insects by drilling rows of holes in the bark of trees and then returning to the tree and drinking the running sap and eating the insects that were attracted to the sap around the area of the holes.
The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker covers the largest region of North America from western Canada to Newfoundland, down into Mexico and east of the Rocky Mountains. The Red-naped Sapsucker and Williamson's Sapsucker can be found in the southern areas of western Canada and on through to Mexico. Lastly, the Red-breasted Sapsucker is located along the Pacific shores of North America.
All four species of sapsuckers prefer warmer weather and migrate in the colder seasons to warmer climates.