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At one time there were only three native types of curlews found in North America. These are the Bristle-thighed Curlew whose range is in Alaska only, the Eskimo Curlew that was once seen in the far northeastern regions of the continent but unfortunately the Eskimo Curlew has not been seen since the 1960s and is probably extinct.
The Long-billed Curlew is the largest shorebird found in North America and whose range is in the central regions of the continent leaning towards the western coast.
The curlews are recognized by their long downturned bills and are seen in fields and mudflats where they are able to feed by picking up insects or by probing into the mud for their prey. These different types all have similar brown plumage and grey legs. The Whimbrel us another large shorebird and is quite similar to this group.