There are at least 16 types of woodpeckers in North America, which does not include the 4 types of sapsuckers and the Red-shafted Flicker or Yellow-shafted Flicker, known as the Northern Flickers and the Gilded Flicker.
The Black-backed Woodpecker and the Three-toed Woodpecker are two of the most northern birds, found most often in the northern conifers of Canada and in the American Rockies. The Downy Woodpecker and Hairy Woodpecker can be found throughout all of Canada and USA, with the Hairy Woodpecker being the most southern traveler of the two. The largest member of the woodpecker family, is the Pileated Woodpecker, found across Canada and the eastern states. Two woodpeckers, that are showing up in the southeastern portions of Canada, which live in the eastern states, are the Red-headed Woodpecker and the Red-bellied Woodpecker. The threatened Red-cockaded Woodpecker lives in the southeastern states, mostly in Florida.
The remaining 7 types of woodpeckers live in the central states, into the western regions of the United States and Mexico. These are the Acorn Woodpecker, Arizona Woodpecker, Gila Woodpecker, Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Lewis's Woodpecker and the Nuttall's Woodpecker.
The Ivory-billed Woodpecker which has not been seen in North America since the late forties and early fifties is considered extinct. In recent years, there have been unconfirmed sightings of this bird, but up to now, concrete evidence of the actual bird has not occurred.